Diabetology is the branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) resulting from either inadequate insulin production, insulin resistance, or a combination of both. Diabetology encompasses various aspects of diabetes care, including medical, lifestyle, and dietary interventions.

Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes  This is an autoimmune condition where the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.

Type 2 Diabetes  This is the most common form of diabetes and usually develops in adulthood. It is characterized by insulin resistance and insufficient insulin production.

Gestational Diabetes This type occurs during pregnancy and usually resolves after childbirth.


Evaluation and selection of suitable kidney donors and recipients. Pre-transplant assessments and compatibility testing. Living donor and deceased donor transplant procedures. Minimally invasive laparoscopic donor nephrectomy.


Advanced surgical techniques for kidney transplantation. Robotic-assisted and laparoscopic procedures. Post-transplant monitoring and follow-up care.


Comprehensive medical and surgical evaluations for potential transplant candidates. Diagnostic testing, including blood work, imaging, and biopsies. Evaluation of transplant suitability and consideration of alternative treatments.

Diagnosis and Monitoring

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) 

Involves drinking a glucose solution, followed by blood sugar level measurements at intervals to diagnose diabetes or prediabetes.

HbA1c Test

Provides a three-month average of blood sugar levels, offering insight into long-term glucose control.

Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM)

Wearable devices that track blood sugar levels throughout the day, helping individuals make real-time adjustments to their treatment plans.

Treatment Approaches

Lifestyle Modifications

Emphasize the importance of a healthy diet, regular physical activity, weight management, and smoking cessation to improve blood sugar control.


Depending on the type of diabetes, various oral medications, injectable medications, and insulin therapy can be prescribed to manage blood sugar levels.

Insulin Therapy

Essential for Type 1 diabetes and often used in advanced cases of Type 2 diabetes. Various types of insulin formulations are available, offering different onset and duration profiles.

Our Consultants

Dr. Arun Kumar. R

MD, Dip Diab
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